Space between the teeth is a common problem. As the name suggests, spacing is an excess of available space between teeth, which may result in several dental problems. Spacing can occur due to missing or lost teeth, protruding teeth and even abnormal gum alignment.
Types of spacing:
There are two types of spacing which you may suffer from: generalized spacing between all teeth, or space between the central incisors in particular. Both types are discussed below.
1. Spaces between all the teeth:
You may have space between all your teeth if you have less than the normal number of teeth since birth. Another cause of this dental condition could be the presence of abnormally large jaws or small teeth, resulting in generalized space between your teeth.
• Dentists generally use composite filings, veneers or orthodontic treatment to treat equal spacing between teeth. The exact method used differs from patient to patient. Orthodontic treatment, in particular, takes longer to work because the teeth may move to the wrong position during the course of treatment. In most cases, retainers are used to treat space between all the teeth.
• Tooth caps are not a treatment per se, but they are helpful in making the tooth appear wider. It is useful in closing the gap between teeth only if the gaps to be treated are small.
• Tooth bonding can be used to make the teeth wider, which closes the gaps in between
• Braces, tooth caps, or orthodontic treatment are used in serious cases as solo treatment. If the case is extreme, a combination of all 3 may be required.
2. Spaces between the central incisors:
Children and teenagers are most affected by this kind of spacing problem. Another reason could be that the second incisor may be malformed and can result in the centrals to move laterally, creating space between them. Regular visits to the dentist can help detect such problems and solve them at an early stage.
Almost every child has a gap between the incisors. In most cases, the game is just 3 mm or less. Such small gaps get filled up on their own once the canines begin to show. On the other hand, treatment may be required if the gap between incisors is greater than 3 mm.
Spacing is generally not a problem, but it can trigger dental problems in some cases. You can never be sure which cases require intervention and which do not, so it is best to visit your dentist as early as possible.