Gingivitis, generally called gum disease starts with bacterial growth in the mouth. If this bacterial growth isn’t treated right away, it may keep advancing and ultimately result in tooth loss due to the obliteration of tissue surrounding the teeth.
Do I have Gingivitis or Periodontitis?
Gingivitis is commonly referred to as gum inflammation. It normally occurs when plaque builds up inside your mouth and around the teeth. As the bacteria in these plaque deposits evolve, they cause inflammation and bleeding of gums when brushing teeth. Although your gums may feel irritated or swollen they are still firmly locked into their sockets. No irreversible damage is done to the bones or other tissues.
If early Gingivitis is left untreated, it may proceed to evolve to Periodontitis. This is the stage where bacteria start to pull away the gum and bone surrounding your teeth. They form small pockets where debris from food and plaque keeps on depositing and it continues to go in deeper below the gum line. Toxins produced by the plaque keep breaking down the connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. Resultantly, the teeth are no longer anchored in their roots and teeth-loss occurs.
How Do I Know If I’ve Got Gum Disease?
The scary thing about gum disease is that it progresses painlessly and silently. If proper oral care is not practiced it may take you a few months to go from teeth to no-teeth. Symptoms of gum disease include:
- Gradual changes in the way the teeth fit upon biting and chewing
- Loose teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Constant bad taste in mouth
- Red, discolored or swollen gums
- Bleeding of gums during brushing or flossing
Even if you don’t show any symptoms of gum diseases, chances are you may still have them to a minimum degree.
Periodontal Disease due to plaque buildup and bad occlusion
What Are The Reasons Behind Gum Diseases and How Can I Prevent Them?
Plaque is considered as the greatest and one of the most common reasons leading to gum diseases. However there are numerous other reasons which might lead to Gingivitis or even Periodontal Diseases:
- Poor oral hygiene habits
- Addictions such as smoking and drug usage
- Some anti-biotic medicines may also lead to gum diseases as they decrease the flow of saliva to the mouth
- Illnesses such as cancer, HIV or diabetes may lead to gum diseases as they interfere with body’s immune system
- Certain Hormonal imbalances during puberty and pregnancy may also lead to the weakening of gums
Is There Any Way to Prevent These Gum Diseases?
Almost 70% of people have early Gingivitis or gum inflammation and they barely notice. These gum diseases can be prevented with a little bit of care and dedication to oral health care:
- Building habits to regularly brush, floss and rinsing with Anti-bacterial mouthwashes
- Quitting smoking. Smoking increases the chances of getting gum diseases and lessens the chances of getting a successful treatment
- Reducing stress greatly helps in developing the body’s natural immune system
- Quitting habits like grinding your teeth also lower the chances of gum diseases as they exert pressure upon the roots
Should I Visit A Dentist?
Of course, it is advisable to visit a dentist at least twice a year to promote oral health. Treatments include the reduction of swelling, depth of gum pockets and risk of infection. Depending upon your condition and health, the dentist may suggest surgical or non surgical procedures. It is always advisable to visit your dentist as soon as you notice any signs of gum diseases.
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